Colloidal Systems - Research Group Bechinger
Our group is largely interested in colloidal systems, i.e. mesoscopic particles with diameters of 10 – 1000 nanometers which are suspended in a liquid. Although colloids are much larger than atoms, both systems are essentially driven by the same underlying equations and therefore share many properties. This similarity is particularly striking in situations which are governed by structural aspects or fluctuations as being important for phase transitions, glass formation, critical and dissipation phenomena etc. In contrast to atomic systems where the interactions are dictated by the electronic structure, in colloidal systems they can be largely tuned by external parameters such as optical, electrical or magnetic fields. This distinguishes colloids as versatile model systems which become increasingly important for the understanding of fundamental processes in solid state and material science but also for experimental tests of theories related to statistical physics.
Hybrid Nanostructures - Research Group Schmidt-Mende
We are interested in organic and hybrid nanostructures. One focus of our research is concerned with the fabrication and investigation of organic/inorganic hybrid solar cells with a focus on the fundamental physical processes in the devices, such as organic and perovskite solar cells. We aim to control the morphology to investigate the influence on device performance and physics. We investigate organic-organic, organic-inorganic and inorganic-inorganic interfaces and nanostructures that are responsible for functional properties. Fundamental processes of charge generation, transport and recombination as well as light coupling are directly influenced by manipulation of the interface and its nanostructure.
Light and matter - Research Group Baum
Atoms and electrons are the two central constituents of all materials in our surroundings, but their movements and reaction paths are so small and so fast that observation is close to impossible. By unifying electron microscopy with attosecond/femtosecond laser technology, we combine the awesome spatial resolution of modern electron microscopes with the spectacular time resolution that is offered by the cycle period of light. In this way, light-matter interaction and material transformations become visible on atomic dimensions in space and time.
Low-dimensional systems - Research Group Fonin
Magneto- and spin electronics stand at the boundary between fundamental physics research, materials science and technological applications. Of particular interest here are new classes of magnetic materials as well as the surface and interface properties of magnetic nanostructures. We focus on the investigation of the interplay between structural, electronic and magnetic properties of low-dimensional systems at surfaces.
Mesoscopic Systems - Research Group Scheer
Our research is mainly focused in the field of mesoscopic physics with strong emphasis on nanoelectronics where novel electronic transport phenomena in reduced dimensions are explored. Furthermore, it includes the study of mesoscopic superconductivity in hybrid systems consisting of superconductors and non-superconducting materials. In collaboration with Dr. Torsten Pietsch a variety of spin transport phenomena and nanomagnetism are studied in nanostructures down to the atomic scale. Another important research activity is given by the field of molecular electronics devoted to the study of electric and thermoelectric properties of single-molecule junctions with the aim to unravel their transport mechanisms. Jointly with Prof. Dr. Johannes Boneberg nanooptoelectronics, in which optical fields and nanoplasmonic elements are used to control the transport through atomic size conductors, are investigated. Finally, the vibrations of nanomembranes are explored as alternative control knob of the electronic transport behavior of atomic and molecular size circuits.
Modern Materials Science - Research Group Gönnenwein
Our scientific work focuses on the fabrication and investigation of multifunctional magnetic heterostructures and devices. We use magnetotransport, spin caloritronics and spin dynamics experiments to unravel the properties of thin films and nanostructures with complex magnetic textures or interesting topological features. In addition, we work on spin physics of fluctuations and spin current noise within the framework of SFB 1432.
Nano Optics - Research Group Boneberg
In our group the interaction of light with nanostructures as well as the application of light for the formation of nanostructures is studied in the following project areas:
Photovoltaics - Research Group Hahn
The Photovoltaics Division has its roots in the Chair of Applied Solid States Physics founded by Prof. em. Ernst Bucher in the 1970s. It is now worldwide one of the largest university groups with applied research in silicon photovoltaics. Our equipment allows the complete processing of solar cells in industry-type and lab-type manners as well as a detailed characterization of wafers and solar cells. Numerous patents were transferred into industry.
A variety of processing technologies is available for fabrication of solar cells. On the one hand industrial-type processing of large area solar cells is available, e.g. based on screen-printing for metallization. But also more advanced technologies and processing steps can be applied to determine their potential for application in novel solar cell concepts.
Physics of Complex Materials - Research Group Müller
The focus of our group’s research is designing complex materials as well as their in-depth physical (electronic, magnetic, structural) characterization, with the goal of finding novel fundamental phenomena and functionalities possibly leading to applications in quantum-, information-, energy, or other technologies.
Superconducting spintronics and quantum devices - Research Group Di Bernardo
Our group focuses on the investigation of the physical properties of systems combining superconductor (S) and ferromagnet (F) materials. Our research fits into the emerging research field currently known as ''superconducting spintronics'' which aims at developing electronic devices with high energy efficiency for large data centers and quantum technology applications.
Condensed Matter Theory and Quantum Information - Research Group Burkard
Theory of Condensed Matter - Research Group Zilberberg
In recent years, there has been rapid development in control and manipulation of coherent quantum systems. These advances allow for the study and utilization of coherent quantum phenomena as well as the exploration of quantum mechanical concepts that were formerly of purely theoretical interest in realistic many-body setups. Our research is centered on the study of electronic and photonic quantum engineered systems, with all its modern ramifications such as topology, out-of-equilibrium, controllability, and its consequences for fundamental physics and device applications. We are theoreticians that value a strong synergy with experiments for inter-disciplinary results.
Soft Condensed Matter - Research Group Fuchs
Soft Matter comprises many important materials in everyday use, such as colloidal dispersions, emulsions, liquid crystals and polymeric materials. Proteins, cells, and other constituents of living organisms have many properties in common with these synthetic substances. Soft matter systems are characterized by collective phenomena which occur at very low frequencies. Elastic deformations require forces orders of magnitude smaller than in conventional crystalline solids, and thermal fluctuations play a dominant role. Soft matter thus is a testing ground for advancing "Statistical Physics" and provides many model systems for the investigation of fundamental topics.
In our group, we develop first principles approaches in the frame of Statistical Physics and the classical "Theory of Many Body Systems", in order to understand structural and transport properties of novel soft matter systems, especially far from thermal equilibrium.
Theory of Quantum Transport - Research Group Belzig
Our research focus is on the following topics:
- Theory of Condensed Matter and Quantum Transport
- Superconductivity, Superconducting Nanostructures and Devices
- Quantum Theory and Quantum Simulation
- Hybrid Quantum and Nanoelectromechanical Systems
- Quantum Magnonics and Spin Transport in Heterostructures
Theory of Magnetic Materials - Research Group Nowak
Research in our group is in condensed-matter theory and statistical physics with a focus on materials for spintronic applications, as, e.g. data processing, sensor systems, energy conversion, and biomedical therapies. A key aspect in spintronics is the transport and control of angular momentum, where intriguing phenomena are often caused by spin-orbit interaction, a relativistic effect that couples the electron’s spin to its orbital motion and plays a central role in quantum materials. Its manifestations include phenomena like Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction, a chiral spin-spin interaction that fosters topological spin textures. Understanding the flow of angular momentum is also vital for the progress of ultrafast spin dynamics. Recent work on ultrafast demagnetization in ferromagnets has demonstrated that angular momentum can be transferred from the spin system to the lattice on femtosecond time scales. These findings add another piece to the mysteries of spintronics, namely, the understanding of the microscopic mechanisms that transfer angular momentum between the spin system and the lattice.
Ultrafast Phenomena and Photonics - Research Group Leitenstorfer
Our research focus is on the following topics: